李广宇,周长波,翟明洋,等.“十四五”时期中国应对气候变化的区域行动:规划、问题与对策[J].中国环境管理,2022,14(4):32-39.
LI Guangyu,ZHOU Changbo,ZHAI Mingyang,et al.China's Regional Action on Climate Change during the 14th Five-Year Plan Period:Planning, Issues, and Countermeasures[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2022,14(4):32-39.
“十四五”时期中国应对气候变化的区域行动:规划、问题与对策
China's Regional Action on Climate Change during the 14th Five-Year Plan Period:Planning, Issues, and Countermeasures
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2022.04.032
中文关键词:  “十四五”时期  应对气候变化  绿色低碳  重点举措
英文关键词:the 14th Five-Year Plan  provincial-level areas  addressing climate change  green and low carbon development  important measures
基金项目:中日友好环境保护中心科技发展基金项目“我国绿色低碳发展现状分析与评估”(ZRZXJJ-202101)。
作者单位E-mail
李广宇 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
周长波 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029 zhoucb@edcmep.org.cn 
翟明洋 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
王晓萌 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
王幸智 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
刘晓宇 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
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中文摘要:
      “十四五”时期是我国应对气候变化的重要机遇期,生态环境部要求将应对气候变化目标任务全面融入生态环境保护规划,而国家和地方相关政策设计尚处于起步阶段。在理论方法方面,已有研究多关注国家层面应对气候变化整体进展及在不同领域的布局情况。各地区针对具体领域的规划目标、行动部署等各有侧重,但区域视角下研究仍比较缺乏。地方生态环境规划是地方生态环境部门履责的重要依据,本文构建了地方应对气候变化规划内容的分析框架,对28个省级行政区(未包含山西、贵州、西藏以及香港、澳门和台湾)“十四五”生态环境规划中应对气候变化政策进行分析,系统梳理各地区减缓和适应气候变化的重点举措,总结完善制度体系、开展试点示范等方面的主要做法;在分析各地区面临问题和挑战的基础上,提出了“十四五”时期加强应对气候变化工作的对策建议。本研究有助于弥补应对气候变化区域研究的不足,可为构建央地协调整合的应对气候变化政策体系、完善地方应对气候变化制度措施提供科学参考。
英文摘要:
      The 14th Five-Year Plan period is an important period of opportunity for China to cope with climate change, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment mandates full integration of climate change objectives and tasks into planning for ecological environmental protection, but the policy design of each region is still in its initial stages. The majority of the existing studies have focused on the overall progress of addressing climate change at the national level and the layout of different areas. Each region has its own emphasis on the goals and action deployment of specific fields, but studies from a regional perspective are still lacking. This paper builds an analysis framework for the content of local climate change planning, and analyzes the policies to address climate change in the 14th Five-Year Plan for 28 provincial-level administrative regions (excluding Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan). We sort out the key initiatives to reduce and mitigate climate change in various regions, and summarize the key steps to improve the institutional system and carry out pilot demonstrations. In terms of implementing administrative advice, enhancing the policy system, coordinating pilot demonstrations, and bolstering publicity, the countermeasures and recommendations are made to boost the work on climate change. The study fills the gap left by regional studies on climate change and can serve as a scientific resource for developing a national and local policy framework to deal with the issue in a coordinated and integrated way.
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