贾册,宋国君,陈臻.固定源排污许可合规制度研究[J].中国环境管理,2022,14(4):52-60.
JIA Ce,SONG Guojun,CHEN Zhen.Research on the Compliance System of Stationary Source Pollutant Emission Permit[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2022,14(4):52-60.
固定源排污许可合规制度研究
Research on the Compliance System of Stationary Source Pollutant Emission Permit
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2022.04.052
中文关键词:  排污许可  固定污染源  合规报告  合规监管
英文关键词:Pollutant Emission Permit System  stationary pollution source  compliance report  compliance supervision
基金项目:中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助)项目“排污许可制度实施效果评估——基于地级市及企业层面数据的实证分析”(21XNH057)。
作者单位E-mail
贾册 中国人民大学环境学院, 北京 100872  
宋国君 中国人民大学环境学院, 北京 100872 songguojun@ruc.edu.cn 
陈臻 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院, 北京 100049 
 
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中文摘要:
      固定源合规制度是确保固定源企业将排污许可证中载明的要求得以实施的具体措施和规定,也是将排污许可制度打造为固定源环境管理核心制度的重要环节。本文基于美国固定源合规监管经验和当前国内排污许可实施基础,构建了固定源排污许可合规管理制度。所构建的制度基于整体性治理理论,以固定源企业需提交的排污许可合规报告为主要合规监管环节,将政府部门对于固定源企业的合规监管分为以合规报告为主的书面核查和企业现场核查两个环节,并在整个合规监管过程中贯彻数据管理,设计了企业合规报告、政府核查报告、核查类型及任务、核查评估方法、合规信息公开及违规处罚方式等关键内容,以节省对于固定源企业污染排放合规监管过程的环境执法资源和提升监管效率。
英文摘要:
      The pollutant emission permit compliance system (PEPCS) is the specific measures and regulations to ensure that stationary source implement the requirements specified in the pollution emission permit, and it is also an important link in building the pollution emission permit system into the core system of stationary source environmental management. This article builds PEPCS based on the United States' stationary source compliance supervision experience and the domestic implementation basis of pollutant emission permits. The constructed system makes full use of the holistic governance theory, uses the pollution permit compliance report submitted by the firm as the main method, and divides the compliance supervision into two measures, an off-site inspection mainly based on compliance reports and an on-site inspection of the firm, and implements data management in the whole compliance supervision process, designs key contents including the firm's compliance report, verification report, verification type and task, verification assessment method, compliance information disclosure and penalties for non-compliance, saving environmental enforcement resources and improve regulatory efficiency.
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