高洋,郝吉明,田金平,等.新时代天津市工业园区绿色发展策略研究[J].中国环境管理,2022,14(4):61-68.
GAO Yang,HAO Jiming,TIAN Jinping,et al.Research on the Green Development Strategies of Tianjin Industrial Parks in the New Stage[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2022,14(4):61-68.
新时代天津市工业园区绿色发展策略研究
Research on the Green Development Strategies of Tianjin Industrial Parks in the New Stage
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2022.04.061
中文关键词:  天津  工业园区  京津冀协同发展  园区绿色发展
英文关键词:Tianjin  industrial parks  BTH coordinated development  green development of industrial parks
基金项目:中国工程院院地合作项目(2019C0-0004);国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA046)。
作者单位E-mail
高洋 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
郝吉明 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
田金平 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084
清华大学生态文明研究中心, 北京 100084 
 
卢琬莹 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
臧娜 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
赵佳玲 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
陈吕军 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084
清华大学生态文明研究中心, 北京 100084 
chenlj@tsinghua.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      本文研究了天津市工业园区发展沿革和经济环境绩效,分析了2018—2020年园区“围城治理”措施及成效,识别新时代园区绿色发展面临的主要挑战,最后提出策略建议。研究发现:天津工业立市特征突出,工业园区更是主战场,曾为全国园区的发展起到重要带头作用。园区“围城治理”较好地解决了存量土地、环境等问题,开启了天津园区发展新阶段。天津市工业园区绿色发展仍面临基础薄弱、驱动力减弱、保留园区与被整合园区协同高质量发展路径不清晰等挑战。研究提出三项建议:一是立足天津在京津冀协同发展中的功能定位,提升园区科技创新平台功能,加速科技创新资源及高端创新要素向园区流动,提升产业链、供应链、创新链协同配套能力,激发园区科技创新动能。二是加强体制机制创新,全市强化园区顶层设计和统筹协调,分区分类制定园区跨越式发展策略并完善考核机制,开展绩效评价动态优化。三是以园区能源环境基础设施绿色化和数据驱动精细化管理能力提升为抓手,深化园区转型发展,提升产业能级。
英文摘要:
      With the objective of promoting green development in Tianjin industrial park, this study aims to evaluate the growth and evolution, as well as the economic and environmental performance of industrial parks in Tianjin. The major challenges faced by the industrial parks in the current frontier are identified, and strategy suggestions are proposed based on these evaluations, particularly an analysis of the park integration action's measures and impacts from 2018 to 2020. The results show that Tianjin is prosperous by its distinctive characteristic of industry; thus, the industrial park serves as the primary driver of the economic and social growth and has played a vital role in the development of China's industrial parks. The park integration action handled accumulated issues such as land and environment problems and strengthened the general layout of parks, ushering in a new phase of industrial park development in Tianjin. The following are the major challenges on green development of the park. First, there are significant disparities in economic and environmental performances between parks and some parks have weak foundations. Second, the driving forces of green development have been weakened. Third, it is difficult for those reserved parks to promote parks that are integrated to integral development. Given the challenges, we propose three policy recommendations on innovation. The first suggestion is to enhance the capacity of industrial parks as a platform of sci-tech innovation, based on the functional orientation of Tianjin in coordinated development of the Beijing-TianjinHebei Region (BTH coordinated development). Industrial parks will facilitate the convergence of the innovation and manufacturing chains and accelerate the flow of scientific and technological innovation resources. The driving force of green development will eventually be enhanced. The second is to augment innovation in management institutions and mechanisms. It is necessary to strengthen the grand plan and overall coordination of whole industrial parks. It is crucial to create a great-leap-forward development strategy for industrial parks in various regions based on their classification. Furthermore, assessment mechanism is better to maintain and optimize performance evaluation dynamically. The third is to intensify eco-transformation of industrial parks through increasing the overall efficiency of energy and environmental infrastructure and reinforcing fine management capabilities driven by big data. It is an excellent approach for advanced parks to stimulate parks at all levels through the demonstration of green and low-carbon practices.
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