赖小东,王程田,林秀丽.空间溢出视角下的环境规制与绿色发展——困境还是协调?[J].中国环境管理,2022,14(4):80-90.
LAI Xiaodong,WANG Chengtian,LIN Xiuli.Environmental Regulation and Green Development from the Perspective of Spatial Spillover:Dilemma or Harmonization[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2022,14(4):80-90.
空间溢出视角下的环境规制与绿色发展——困境还是协调?
Environmental Regulation and Green Development from the Perspective of Spatial Spillover:Dilemma or Harmonization
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2022.04.080
中文关键词:  环境规制  绿色全要素生产率  空间溢出效应  光污染
英文关键词:environmental regulation  GTFP  spatial spillover effect  light pollution
基金项目:教育部人文社科规划基金“市场规制下绿色技术创新行为影响因素与耦合机制研究”(19YJA790037);广东省自然科学基金“技术创新视域下企业低碳转型驱动与碳减排机制耦合效应研究”(2018A030313269);广东省社科两区专项基金项目“多主体视角下深圳市先行示范区绿色技术创新体系构建及对策研究(S23)”(GD20SQ40)。
作者单位
赖小东 华南师范大学经济与管理学院, 广东广州 510631 
王程田 华南师范大学经济与管理学院, 广东广州 510631 
林秀丽 华南师范大学经济与管理学院, 广东广州 510631 
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中文摘要:
      绿色发展是未来经济发展的必然趋势,提升绿色全要素生产率是实现绿色发展的重要途径,环境规制是解决环境问题的有效保障。本文采用2004—2019年30个省级面板数据,构建动态空间杜宾模型,实证研究了环境总体规制、工业废气规制、工业废水规制、工业固体废物规制和光污染规制对绿色全要素生产率的空间溢出影响。研究发现,环境总体规制对本地绿色全要素生产率的影响呈U形,工业废气规制、工业废水规制和工业固体废物规制的研究结果存在同一规律,而光污染规制起抑制作用。总体规制对邻地绿色全要素生产率的影响呈倒U形,具体规制的影响各不相同,工业废气规制与总体规制的结果类似,而工业废水规制的空间溢出效应表现为负,工业固体废物规制和光污染规制的空间溢出效应不显著。本文从实证角度验证了“绿水青山”和“金山银山”的兼容性,环境规制和效率提升并不矛盾。在制定环境政策时,需考虑区域间的相互协调和实际产业情况。
英文摘要:
      Green development is an inevitable trend of future economic development, and improving green total factor productivity is an important way to achieve high-quality economic development. Environmental regulation is an effective guarantee to solve environmental problems. Based on the panel data of 30 provinces in China from 2004 to 2019, this paper constructs a dynamic spatial Durbin model to empirically study the spatial spillover effects of environmental overall regulation, industrial waste gas regulation, industrial wastewater regulation, industrial solid waste regulation and light pollution regulation on green total factor productivity (GTFP). The results show that the impact of environmental overall regulation on local GTFP is U-shaped. The results of industrial waste gas regulation, industrial wastewater regulation and industrial solid waste regulation support this conclusion, while light pollution regulation has an inhibitory effect on local GTFP. The effect of overall regulation on GTFP of neighboring areas is inverted "U", and the impact of specific regulations is different. The results of industrial waste gas regulation and overall regulation are similar, while the spatial spillover effect of industrial wastewater regulation is negative, and the spatial spillover effect of industrial waste solid regulation and light pollution regulation is not significant. This paper verifies the compatibility of "lucid waters and lush mountains" and "golden mountains and silver mountains" from an empirical perspective. There is no contradiction between environmental regulation and efficiency improvement. When formulating environmental regulation policies, it is necessary to consider the coordination between regions and the actual situation of specific industries.
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