WANG Zishu,YANG Yang,XIE Dan,et al.Suggestions for Improving the Whole Chain Management for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the New Era[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2023,15(6):71-77.
|Suggestions for Improving the Whole Chain Management for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the New Era
|中文关键词: 环评管理 环评改革 环评体系优化 生态环境分区管控 全链条管理
|英文关键词:EIA management EIA reform EIA system optimization eco-environmental zoning regulation whole chain management
| The environmental impact assessment (hereinafter referred to as EIA) system, as an important means of preventing the ecological environmental pollutions, strongly supports the construction of ecological civilization and promotes the modernization of ecological environment governance capacity. At present, China has established an EIA system that consists of Project EIA, Planning EIA, Strategic Environmental Assessment, “Three Lines and One List” eco-environmental zoning regulation, and pollution emission permit management system. With the deepening of EIA reform of “simplification, supervision and service”, the government has gradually delegated and simplified the Project EIA, optimized the Planning EIA, carried out the pilot of Policy EIA, and accelerated the construction of the ecological environment zoning management and control system. Meanwhile, the pollutant emission permit system has been built. However, there are still weak links in the whole chain management of the current EIA system, such as institutional linkage, convergence and management closed-loop. To further improve the management efficiency of the EIA system, it is necessary to accelerate the construction of a whole-chain EIA system with clear functional positioning, clear responsibility boundary and sufficient connection. We suggest to establish a new “linked, integrated and closed-looped” mode among the eco-environmental zoning regulation and EIA management, pollutant emission permit and other policies. In order to support the construction of a beautiful China, it is significant to further improve the top-level design of the whole chain EIA management system, to promote scientific and technological breakthroughs in key areas, and to deepen the policy innovation pilot and strengthen the capacity building.
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