石敏俊,陈岭楠,赵云皓,等.生态环境导向的开发(EOD)模式的理论逻辑与实践探索[J].中国环境管理,2024,16(2):5-14.
SHI Minjun,CHEN Lingnan,ZHAO Yunhao,et al.Theoretical Logic and Practical Exploration of the Eco-environment Oriented Development (EOD) Mode[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2024,16(2):5-14.
生态环境导向的开发(EOD)模式的理论逻辑与实践探索
Theoretical Logic and Practical Exploration of the Eco-environment Oriented Development (EOD) Mode
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2024.02.005
中文关键词:  EOD模式  生态导向  生态系统服务付费  生态反哺
英文关键词:EOD mode  ecology orientation  payments for ecosystem services  ecological feedback
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(72134006);黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展联合研究——面向减污降碳的黄河流域EOD项目设计方法研究(2022-YRUC-01-0406)。
作者单位E-mail
石敏俊 浙江大学公共管理学院, 浙江杭州 310058  
陈岭楠 浙江大学公共管理学院, 浙江杭州 310058  
赵云皓 生态环境部环境规划院EOD创新中心, 北京 100043
浙江大学环境与资源学院, 浙江杭州 310058 
zhaoyh@caep.org.cn 
卢瑛莹 浙江省生态环境科学设计研究院, 浙江杭州 310061  
贾颖娜 浙江省生态环境科学设计研究院, 浙江杭州 310061  
王金南 生态环境部环境规划院EOD创新中心, 北京 100043
浙江大学环境与资源学院, 浙江杭州 310058 
 
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中文摘要:
      本文基于生态环境导向的开发(EOD)模式的理论溯源,对中国式EOD模式的理论逻辑与实践探索进行了系统梳理。EOD模式以国际上“生态导向”的发展理念和市场化生态系统服务付费机制相结合作为理论源头,理论基础主要有生态系统服务付费理论、亨利乔治定理、公共选择理论。中国式EOD模式具有项目制、企业主体、增肥哺瘦和生态反哺的特征,核心逻辑是形成以生态资源支撑产业开发、以产业收益反哺生态修复的价值链闭环,即生态产品价值的转化与反哺。中国式 EOD模式是在生态文明建设的时代背景下,为缓解地方政府生态环境保护的资金压力与金融风险这一现实需求涌现出来的创新性实践探索,也是“绿水青山就是金山银山”转化路径创新。
英文摘要:
      Based on the theoretical origins of Eco-environment Oriented Development (EOD) mode, this paper systematically clarifies the theoretical logic and practical exploration of the EOD mode in China. The EOD mode takes the combination of the international" ecology oriented" development principle and the marketized Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) mechanism as its theoretical source, whose theoretical framework includes the Payments for Ecosystem Services, the Henry George's Theorem, and the Public Choice Theory. The Chinese EOD mode is characterized by ①being organized as a project; ②taking business as the subject;③matching the fat and the thin and ④feeding back to ecology. The core logic is to form a closed value chain with ecological resources to support industrial development and industrial income to feed ecological restoration, that is, the transformation and feeding of the value of ecological products. In the era of building the ecological civilization, the Chinese EOD mode is an innovative practical exploration, which not only alleviates the financial pressure of local governments for the ecological and environmental protection, but also provides a potentially valuable approach for the realization of the" Green is Gold" transformation.
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